Economics and Law Journal

dergi kapak
77
-2023-
Primary Language
: TR
  • Turgut Çılğın
The Paradox of Continuing the Problems of Disabled Women in the Working Life of the 21st Century in Turkey and in the World Despite National and International Legal Regulations

ABSTRACT

Disabled people and women, who are considered disadvantaged groups, have their own social and economic difficulties. Disabled women who combine these two disadvantages, on the other hand, have to struggle with the double disadvantages of being disabled and being a woman in socioeconomic life, which is called double disadvantage. Disabled women face different problems like poverty, exclusion and similar problems compared to all non-disabled individuals and disabled men in many areas of socioeconomic life. The difficulties created by the combination of these two disadvantages in a single individual continue despite the regulations made in this area. In this study, the problems experienced by women with disabilities in socio-economic life, international organizations and legal regulations made in Turkey for the elimination of these problems were investigated using the methods of literature review and document analysis, based on the ground created by conceptual inquiries about the phenomena of disability and femininity. As a result of the research, it has been seen that the legal regulations made are sufficient and reasonable, however, although disabled women tend to decrease and improve compared to the past, they still continue to encounter problems in different dimensions in their working life. It is seen that the reason for this paradox is the lack of sufficient maturity level of social awareness and consciousness required for legal regulations to be met in life. For the solution, it has been suggested that awareness and education efforts should be continued with academic studies in order to ensure that legal regulations are internalized by societies and brought into consciousness.
Keywords : Labor Discrimination, Disabled Women, Problems of Disabled Women, Disabled Women in Working Life, Double Disadvantage

EXTENDED SUMMARY

Being healthy is the foremost indicator of well-being for people. The optimum level of physical and mental integrity of the individual means that he is both healthy and that a number of socioeconomic well-beings are at an acceptable level depending on this being healthy. However, individuals may lose this health integrity due to various reasons in the flow of life, and this naturally affects their socioeconomic quality of life and welfare levels negatively. It is a socioeconomic and socio-psychological disadvantage that complicates their lives and causes them to need support. It is an undeniable fact that a disabled person needs physical and mental support, as well as financial and social needs. Solving the problems that only family members or government supports may not be enough and the disabled individual has to work himself will ensure the self-confidence of the disabled individual and the society and will accelerate the solution of both the individual and social part of the problem.

In order to facilitate the lives of people with disabilities and to ensure their integration with society, international organizations such as the United Nations (UN) and the International Labor Organization (ILO) have carried out studies dating back to the 1948 Universal Declaration of Human Rights. The decisions taken as a result of these studies have been integrated into their national legislation by the states and have been put into practice in many areas of life. Social policies have been developed by the states for the disabled and especially for disabled women, and non-governmental organizations have contributed to these policies both in the development and implementation phases. Non-governmental organizations make great efforts to remove the legal or physical obstacles to the unhindered existence of disabled people in social life and to ensure their socialization in all areas of life.

However, despite these efforts, disabled people and especially disabled women continue to face difficulties in varying degrees in different areas of social life. Among the disabled, especially disabled women, feel the negativities caused by the difficulties in working life twice as much. This situation finds an important place in the literature as double disadvantage or multiple disadvantage. Disabled women are the individuals who need support the most because of their double disadvantage among disadvantaged groups. At the point of overcoming these difficulties, it is necessary to draw attention and pay special attention to the difficulties arising from the double disadvantage of women with disabilities. The most important pillar of the struggle is to raise social awareness and raise awareness of both women with disabilities and society. Because, when the level of social awareness and consciousness cannot be reached, it becomes difficult for the legal regulations and policies developed to solve the problems to achieve the targeted success.

In the study, using the literature review and document analysis methods, together with the relevant academic publications, reports etc. of both national and international official bodies. resources were scanned. In addition, national and international legislation has been compiled and an answer has been sought to the question of whether the problems are caused by the deficiencies of the legislation.

The study started by giving a place to definitions and approaches related to disability and double disadvantage in order to provide a conceptual basis for the subject. In the continuation of the study, the social perspective towards women and especially disabled women who are in a double/multiple disadvantaged position, and the problems they experience in general terms depending on this point of view are discussed. However, in the next section, the legal arrangements made by international organizations and Turkey regarding the solution of these problems are examined. In the conclusion part, suggestions were made about the cause of the problem, which turned into a paradox despite all the arrangements and efforts, and what needs to be done.

21. Yüzyılda Türkiye'de ve Dünya'da Engelli Kadınların Çalışma Hayatında Yaşadıkları Sorunların Ulusal ve Uluslararası Yasal Düzenlemelere Rağmen Devam Etmesi Paradoksu

ÖZ

Dezavantajlı gruplar olarak kabul edilen engellilerin ve kadınların, sosyal ve ekonomik anlamda yaşadıkları kendine has zorluklar bulunmaktadır. Bu iki dezavantajın birleştiği engelli kadınlar ise çifte dezavantajlılık olarak tabir edilen, engelli olmanın ve kadın olmanın sosyoekonomik hayatta yarattığı çifte zorluklar ile mücadele etmek zorundadır. Engelli kadınlar, sosyoekonomik hayatın birçok alanında engelli olmayan tüm bireylere ve engelli erkeklere göre yoksulluk, dışlanma ve benzeri sorunları daha yoğun yaşamaktadır. Bu iki dezavantajın tek bir bireyde birleşmesinin yarattığı zorluklar bu alanda yapılan düzenlemelere rağmen devam etmektedir. Bu çalışmada, engellilik ve kadınlık olgularına dair kavramsal sorgulamalar ile oluşturulan zemin üzerinden hareketle, engelli kadınların sosyoekonomik hayatta yaşadıkları sorunlar, bu sorunların giderilmesine yönelik uluslararası kuruluşlar ve Türkiye’de yapılan yasal düzenlemeler literatür taraması ve doküman analizi yöntemleri kullanılarak araştırılmıştır. Araştırma sonucunda, yapılan yasal düzenlemelerin yeterli ve makul seviyede olduğu, buna rağmen engelli kadınların, geçmişe göre azalma ve düzelme eğilimine girse de yine de çalışma hayatında değişik boyutlarda sorunlarla karşılaşmaya devam ettikleri görülmüştür. Bu paradoksun nedeninin, yasal düzenlemelerin hayatta karşılık bulması için gerekli olan toplumsal farkındalığın ve bilincin yeterli olgunluk düzeyine ulaşmaması olduğu görülmektedir. Çözüm için ise yasal düzenlemelerin toplumlar tarafından içselleştirilerek bir bilinç haline getirilmelerini sağlamak amacıyla, farkındalık ve eğitim çabalarının akademik çalışmalar eşliğinde sürdürülmesi gerektiği önerilmiştir.
Anahtar Kelimeler : ÖZAyrımcılık, Engelli Kadınlar, Engelli Kadınların Sorunları, Çalışma Hayatında Engelli Kadınlar, Çifte Dezavantajlılık

Cite This Article

APA
ÇILĞIN, T., & . ( 2023). The Paradox of Continuing the Problems of Disabled Women in the Working Life of the 21st Century in Turkey and in the World Despite National and International Legal Regulations. Çalışma ve Toplum, 2(77), 1323-1352. https://doi.org/10.54752/ct.1280838